Charles II Silver Tankard

Date: 1680

Maker: John Ruslen

Country: England


A rare early English silver flat top lidded tankard in sterling silver with a scroll handle having a decorative thumb piece. Large size. To the front is a crisp hand engraved armorial capped by the crest of a lion holding a serpent and with a motto below - for the Leche family. There is an owl crest engraved  to the lid. An excellent example of early hand beaten silver with lots of character.

Contains 1450 ml.

Weight 852 grams, 27.3 troy ounces.

Height 18 cm. Spread 21.3 cm.

London 1680.

Maker “IR” (see Jacksons page 130), probably John Ruslen (see David Mitchell’s “Silversmiths in Elizabethan and Stuart London”.

Motto.  “Per Crucem Ad Coronam” – “By the Cross, To the Crown”

Signed/Inscribed: Underneath there is an old presentation inscription in old fashioned script “ The gift of Sir John Leche of Carvarden and Stretton and his wife Helen Morris, to their son Andrew Nicholas as an heirloom to his family for ever”. Sir John Leche (1889-1960), K.C.M.G. O.B.E., formally British Ambassador to Chile, address Stretton Hall, Malpas, Cheshire

Literature: It is unusual to have a makers name for a piece of silver of this early date as there are no precise records of silver makers' marks prior to 1697. All records were destroyed in the fire at Goldsmiths Hall in 1681 when the Assay Office and apartments of the Assayer and Clerk in the south west wing of the building were burned down. Sometimes the details of makers can be discovered from old records such as the inventories of noble houses and other institutions.

The first surviving record at Goldsmiths Hall is the 1682 copper plate made to start the recording process again. This has recently prompted a study by Dr David Mitchell, supported by Goldsmiths Hall, resulting in the publication of his 2017 “Silversmiths in Elizabethan and Stuart London”. This reference work identifies previously unknown makers marks and assigns marks struck on existing plate to individuals (attributions for 540 separate marks).

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